Exam Syllabus

IOCL Apprentice Syllabus 2019 | Download Indian Oil Apprentice Syllabus & Exam Pattern

Indian Oil Apprentice Exam Pattern & Syllabus Available Here

Dear Candidates, who are searching for IOCL Apprentice Syllabus 2019 should read this page completely. Indian Oil Corporation Ltd conduct the IOCL Trade & Technician Apprentice Exam to select the applicants for IOCL Jobs. Our Team of https://naukri.today helps the applicants to the knowledge about the Trade & Technician Apprentice Examination level. Candidates can also get the complete IOCL Syllabus for Technical & Trade Apprentice Jobs. Download IOCL Trade Apprentice Syllabus along with the test pattern.

IOCL is Known as Indian Oil Corporation Ltd. IOCL is an Indian state-owned oil and gas company Indian Oil Corporation Limited headquarters are situated in New Delhi, India. Aspirants who have applied for the IOCL Apprentice Jobs can check the Complete IOCL Trade Apprentice Syllabus along with the Exam Pattern. IOCL will select the candidates by conducting the written test and interview. Applicants download the syllabus though direct link provided the below. We always provide you the Latest Information regarding the Government Jobs Exam Syllabus.

Fresh Update as on 27.02.2019: Indian Oil Corporation Limited will conduct written examination for Apprentice Posts. Candidates may check here IOCL Exam Pattern & Selection Criteria. Participants should check topic wise IOCL Syllabus which may increase your performance level.

IOCL Apprentice Syllabus


Overview of IOCL Apprentice Syllabus 2019 | IOCL Trade & Technician Apprentice Exam Pattern :

Name of the Department: Indian Oil Corporation Limited
Known as: IOCL
Name of Exam: IOCL Apprentice Examination
Total No. of Post: 857 Post
Official website: www.iocl.com
Name of the Post: Trade & Technician Apprentice Vacancy
Advt. No. : Apprentice Act 1961/1973

IOCL Apprentice Syllabus 2019 | Indian Oil Corporation Ltd Trade & Technician Apprentice Exam Pattern

Starting date for filling IOCL Apprentice Jobs Online Form: 16.02.2019
last date for applying online application: 08.03.2019
Date of written Exam: 24.03.2019
IOCL Apprentice Syllabus: Avaliable Here

Selection Procedure & IOCL Apprentice Syllabus 2019 | Indian Oil Corporation Ltd Trade & Technician Apprentice Exam Pattern

The selection process would consist of two stages i.e written test & personal interview. The written test will be of two hours duration & would comprise of objective type of questions on the relevant discipline, general awareness/reasoning and logical ability. Each question would carry one mark and there shall be no negative marking. The written test and interview would carry a weightage of 85 % and 15 % respectively. Candidates securing minimum qualifying marks and in the order of merit will be called to attend Personal Interview in the ratio of 1:3. Trade & Technical Apprentice Exam Pattern Check the pattern of examination in the following section.

  • The Written Exam have a weight age of 85% and duration will be of two hours.
  • Weightage Personal Interview will be 15%.
  • The Minimum weight age of examination is 40%.
  • For candidates from SC/ST Categories are relaxable by 5%.
Exam Type Technical Apprentice Trade Apprentice Time Duration
Written Exam Chemical Engineering Physics 2 Hours
Electrical Mathematics 2 Hours
Instrumentation & Electronics Chemistry 2 Hours
Control Engineering Industrial Chemistry 2 Hours
General Awareness 2 Hours
Reasoning 2 Hours
English 2 Hours
Quantative Aptitude 2 Hours

IOCL Apprentice Syllabus 2019: Candidate can make their preparation better, by go through the IOCL Exam Syllabus with exam pattern. Candidates if still you have not applied for this exam then apply online on or before due date. Candidates who are searching for the IOCL Technician Apprentice Syllabus they can get it here. We have provided the complete IOCL Syllabus on our site. Applicants download the syllabus though direct link provided the below. Applicants who are searching for the IOCL Trade Apprentice Syllabus , they can download the syllabus here. Check the below topic wise syllabus. Direct link for downloading IOCL Exam Syllabus 2019 | Indian Oil Corporation Ltd Trade & Technician Apprentice Exam Pattern are given below.

Important Topics For IOCL Syllabus 2019 | IOCL Apprentice Exam Syllabus

IOCL Trade and Technical Apprentice Syllabus 2019 – Chemical Engineering

  • Atoms and Molecules.
  • Reaction Dynamics.
  • Electrochemistry.
  • Stereochemistry.
  • Spectroscopic Techniques.
  • Organic Reactions.
  • Photochemistry.
  • Transition Metal Chemistry.

IOCL Apprentice Syllabus 2019 – Electrical

  • Electromagnetic Theory.
  • Analog and Digital Electronics.
  • Electronics Devices.
  • Control Systems.
  • Electrical Instrumentation.
  • Power System Protection.
  • Utilization of Electrical Energy.
  • Power Systems.
  • Network Analysis.
  • Electrical Machines.
  • Power System Analysis & Control.
  • Power Electronics & Drives.
  • Switch Gear and Protection etc.

IOCL Exam Syllabus 2019 – Electronics & Instrumentation

  • Digital Electronics.
  • Control Systems and Process Control.
  • Analog Electronics.
  • Signals, Systems, and Communications.
  • Basics of Circuits and Measurement Systems.
  • Analytical, Optical and Biomedical Instrumentation.
  • Transducers, Mechanical Measurement and Industrial Instrumentation.
  • Electrical and Electronic Measurements.

IOCL Apprentice Syllabus 2019 – Electronics & Communication

  • Engineering Mathematics.
  • Networks.
  • Electronic Devices.
  • Analog Circuits.
  • Digital circuits.
  • Signals and Systems.
  • Control Systems.
  • Analog & Digital Communications.
  • Electromagnetics.

IOCL Trade Apprentice Syllabus 2019 – General Awareness

  • Indian Constitution.
  • Science – Inventions & Discoveries.
  • History.
  • Budget and Five Year Plans.
  • Geography.
  • Important Financial & Economic News.
  • Economy.
  • Scientific Research.
  • Culture.
  • India and its neighboring countries.
  • Sports.
  • Knowledge of Current Events.
  • General Politics.
  • Current Affairs – National & International.
  • Economy, Banking, and Finance.
  • Countries & Capitals. etc.

IOCL Syllabus 2019 – English

  • Tenses.
  • Verb.
  • Adverb.
  • Articles.
  • Error Correction.
  • Conclusion.
  • Grammar.
  • Vocabulary.
  • Synonyms.
  • Subject ­Verb Agreement.
  • Word Formation.
  • Antonyms.
  • Theme detection.
  • Passage Completion.
  • Comprehension.
  • Idioms & Phrases.
  • Fill in the Blanks.
  • Sentence Completion.
  • Unseen Passages.
  • Sentence Rearrangement.

IOCL Apprentice Syllabus 2019 – Logical and Analytical Reasoning

  • Arrangements.
  • Family Tree.
  • Numerical grid.
  • Coding.
  • Series.
  • Verbal reasoning on the topic of Statement-Conclusion, Syllogisms & Critical Reasoning.

IOCL Trade Apprentice Syllabus 2019 – Mathematics

  • Number Systems.
  • LCM and HCF.
  • Percentages.
  • Profit, Loss, and Discount.
  • Interest (Simple and Compound).
  • Speed, Time and Distance.
  • Time and Work.
  • Averages.
  • Ratio and Proportion.
  • Linear Equations.
  • Quadratic Equations.
  • Complex Numbers.
  • Logarithm.
  • Progressions (Sequences & Series).
  • Binomial Theorem.
  • Surds and Indices.
  • Inequalities.
  • Permutation and Combination.
  • Probability.
  • Functions.
  • Set Theory.
  • Mixtures and Alligations.
  • Geometry.
  • Co-ordinate Geometry.
  • Trigonometry.
  • Mensuration.
  • Data Interpretation.
  • Problem Solving.
  • Data Sufficiency.
  • Arithmetic.
  • Modern Maths.
  • Geometry.
  • Algebra.
  • Number Systems.

Simple Step To Download The IOCL Apprentice Syllabus 2019

IOCL has going to conduct an examinations for the recruitment of employees to these Trade Apprentice and Technician Apprentice Posts. We are providing Indian Oil Corporation Limited, IOCL Syllabus 2019 & IOCL Exam Pattern for the guidance to the candidates. check IOCL Exam Syllabus 2019/ IOCL Apprentice Exam Scheme.

  • Candidate can visit official website of IOCL www.iocl.com.
  • Search For Trade and Technician Apprentice Syllabus 2019
  • Click on IOCL Apprentices Exam Syllabus.
  • Download Trade Apprentice and Technician Apprentice IOCL Syllabus in PDF file.
  • Prepare for the exam according to the syllabus and get good marks.
  • If candidate can easily get IOCL Exam Syllabus 2019 then click on given below link.

Important Link For IOCL Apprentice Syllabus 2019 | Trade & Technician Apprentice Exam Pattern

Direct Link to Download IOCL Trade and Technical Apprentice Syllabus Pdf
To Get Indian Oil Corporation 857 Apprentice Vacancy Official Notification
Download IOCL Apprentice Admit Card 2019
Check Here IOCL Exam Result 2019

Conclusion: IOCL Apprentice Syllabus 2019 | IOCL Trade & Technician Apprentice Exam Pattern Aspirants who are going to attend the Trade Apprentice and Technician Apprentice Written Examination must download the IOCL Apprentice Exam Syllabus 2019.

Dear Participants, Are you looking for IOCL Syllabus 2019? If yes, It is the right place for you. Indian Oil Corporation Limited is going to organize a written examination for 42 Junior Engineering Assistant Posts. Participating applicants may download IOCL JEA Syllabus 2019 from here. Participants should check here exam pattern and selection criteria for Junior Engineering Assistant Posts. An examination will take place on 10 February 2019. Here we provided you topic wise Jr. Engineering Assistant Exam Syllabus for better preparation.

Summary of The IOCL Junior Engineer Assistant Exam 2019 | IOCL Syllabus 2019 Available Here

Department’s Name: Indian Oil Corporation Limited (IOCL)
Total Posts: 42 Vacancies
Name of The Posts: Junior Engineer Assistant Posts
Name of The Examination: IOCL JEA Examination 2019
Mode of Examination: Offline Process
Category: IOCL Exam Syllabus 2019
Selection Criteria: Written exam & Skill/ Physical Test
Official Website: iocl.com


What Are The Important Dates To Remember For IOCL Examination 2019?

Online Registration Date For IOCL JEA Exam: 07.01.2019 to 28.01.2019
Last Date for Receipt of Hard Copy of the online registration form: 04.02.2019
Status of IOCL Syllabus 2019: Available Here
Date of Preliminary Examination: 10 February 2019
IOCL SPPT Exam Date: 04.03.2019 to 07.03.2019

Highlights of Indian Oil JEA Examination 2019 | Download IOCL Exam Syllabus 2019

Indian Oil Corporation Limited has issued notification for 42 Junior Engineering Assistant Vacancies. Interested and eligible candidates may fill up their application form for 07.01.2019. Online Registration will be closed for IOCL Jobs will be closed on 28.01.2019. Candidates are going to participate in an examination may check here IOCL Syllabus 2019 which may help you to perform well in the examination. Here we explain you exam pattern and selection criteria for IOCL Examination.  Aspirants may download IOCL JEA Syllabus 2019 form links given here.

How Can I Get Select For Junior Engineering Assistant Posts? Check Here IOCL JEA Exam Pattern

Selection of applicants should take place on the basis of written examination and Interview. A Written Examination is going to held on 10.02.2019. Applicants who are going to participate in Jr. Engineering Assistant Examination may require topic wise syllabus. IOCL JEA Exam Syllabus will help you to perform well in Examination. Candidates who qualify in written examination will appear in Skill /Proficiency Test. Merit list of selected candidates should take place on the basis of overall marks.

  1. Written Examination
  2. Skill Proficiency Test (SPPT)

Collect Here IOCL JEA Exam Pattern 2019 Details | IOCL Exam Syllabus 2019

  • Written Examination will be conducted offline.
  • It is written type in nature.
  • It consists of question-related to English, General Studies, & Technical Subjects.
S. NO Test Type Subject Names
1 Written Exam English Language
2 General Studies
3 Technical Subjects

What Is The Topic Wise IOCL Syllabus 2019? IOCL Jr. Engineering Assistant Examination 2019

Aspirants who are participated in IOCL Exam should check here topic wise syllabus. It contains General Knowledge, English and Technical part syllabus. General Knowledge and English language syllabus are similar for all candidates. Aspirants should check technical syllabus as per field. Here we provided you technical syllabus for all respective filed. Here we provided you links to download IOCL Exam Syllabus 2019 for link given here.

English Language Syllabus | IOCL JEN Syllabus 2019

  • Sentence Improvement.
  • Joining Sentences.
  • Fill in the blanks.
  • Passage Completion.
  • Active Voice and Passive Voice
  • Error Correction (Underlined Part).
  • Sentence Completion.
  • Idioms and Phrases.
  • Error Correction (Phrase in Bold).
  • Antonyms.
  • Spotting Errors.
  • Substitution.
  • Synonyms.
  • Prepositions.
  • Sentence Arrangement.
  • Para Completion.

IOCL Syllabus 2019 | General Knowledge Subject Syllabus Available Here

  • Environmental Issues.
  • Geography.
  • Indian Politics.
  • Rivers, Lakes and, Seas.
  • Indian Parliament.
  • Literature.
  • Biology.
  • Current Affairs.
  • Civics.
  • Indian History.
  • Countries and Capitals.
  • Sports.
  • Famous Days & Dates.
  • Famous Books & Authors.
  • Tourism.
  • Famous Places in India.
  • Indian Economy.
  • Artists.
  • General Science.
  • Inventions and Discoveries.
  • Heritage.

Instrumentation Subject Syllabus | IOCL Jr. Engineering Assistant Syllabus 2019

  • Basics of Circuits and Measurement Systems.
  • Systems and Communications.
  • Control Systems and Process Control.
  • Biomedical Instrumentation.
  • Signals.
  • Optical Instrumentation.
  • Digital Electronics.
  • Electrical and Electronics Measurements.
  • Analog Electronics.
  • Analytical Instrumentation
  • Industrial Instrumentation.
  • Transducers
  • Mechanical Measurement.

IOCL Syllabus 2019 | Check Here Electrical Engineering Syllabus

  • Electromagnetic Theory.
  • Power System Analysis & Control
  • Electrical Instrumentation.
  • Utilization of Electrical Energy.
  • Electrical Machines.
  • Network Analysis.
  • Control Systems.
  • Electronics Devices.
  • Power Systems.
  • Analog and Digital Electronics.
  • Switch Gear and Protection etc.
  • Power Electronics & Drives.

Mechanical Engineering Syllabus | IOCL JEA Exam Syllabus 2019

  • Applied Thermodynamics.
  • Manufacturing Planning & Control.
  • Fluid Mechanics.
  • Measurement & Metrology.
  • Balancing of Reciprocating Masses.
  • Internal Combustion Engines.
  • Industrial Engineering & Enterprise Resources Planning.

How To Download IOCL Exam Syllabus 2019? Easy Steps To Download Indian Oil Syllabus 2019

Contender should follow these steps to download IOCL JEA Syllabus 2019. It may improve your performance level in an examination. Participants must check Junior Engineering Assistant Syllabus Before start preparing for an examination.

  1. Log on to the Official Website of Indian Oil Corporative Limited i.e iocl.com
  2. After that search for Syllabus section at Home page.
  3. Click on IOCL Syllabus PDF.
  4. Read complete exam syllabus carefully.
  5. Now Click on the download button to save it.

Important Links For IOCL JEA Examination 2019

Download Here IOCL JEA Exam Syllabus 2019
Click Here For IOCL JEA Notification 2019
Get Here Indian Oil JEA Admit Card 2019
Check Here IOCL Exam Result 2019

Conclusion: Indian Oil Corporation Limited is going to conduct written examination for 42 Junior Engineering Assistant Posts. Participating candidates should check here topic wise IOCL Syllabus 2019 from here. For more details regarding IOCL JEA Examination 2019 read the above article carefully.

IOCL Act Apprentice Exam Syllabus 2019

Have you applied for Indian Oil Apprentice Jobs? Are you searching for IOCL Syllabus 2018? If yes, then you may rest your searches here. Indian Oil Corporation Limited has issued the IOCL Exam Syllabus for the Apprentice Exam. Now, the department is going the organize the Written Exam for those whose application form was successfully submitted. The Written Exam for Indian Oil Apprentice Vacancy will most probably be held on 25 November 2018. Aspirants will get the information related to Indian Oil Syllabus, Exam pattern, selection process etc from the below coming article.

Indian Oil Corporation Limited also known as IOCL, the past few days ago the department has published a vacancy notice for 523 ACT Apprentice Post. The applicants who are interested for IOCL 2018 Recruitment and have not applied can apply now as the registration process is still going on. Candidates who have earlier applied for Apprentice jobs can now download the IOCL Apprentice Syllabus 2018 from here. Participants will get all the information along with the direct official links to download the Indian Oil Exam Syllabus 2018 from here at naukri.today.

Overview of IOCL Syllabus 2018 – Brief Details for Indian Oil Syllabus

Name of the Department Indian Oil Corporation Limited
Commonly Known as IOCL and Indian Oil
No. and Name of the Post 523 ACT Apprentice Jobs
Name of the Exam IOCL Apprentice Exam
Availability of IOCL Syllabus 2018 Available Now
Job Location Northern Region
Official Website iocl.com

Dates to Remember for IOCL 2018 | Check IOCL Exam Syllabus

Notification No. : IOCL/MKTG/NR/APPR/2018-19/1
Last date to apply for IOCL 2018 Jobs: 17.11.2018
Tentative Dates for IOCL Apprentice Exam: Maybe  25 November 2018

Selection Process for IOCL 2018 Recruitment

Indian Oil Corporation Limited will now select eligible candidates on 523 Posts. Candidates will be shortlisted on the basis of Written Exam and Interview for IOCL Apprentice Vacancy. The department will most probably be conducting written exam in the month of December 2018. Written Test will be having Multiple Choice Questions and there will be no negative marking. The applicants can download the IOCL Syllabus 2018 in pdf from here.

What is the IOCL Apprentice Exam Syllabus 2018 ? Check Indian Oil Exam Pattern

As we are aware that to prepare well for the exam we need exam pattern as well as the syllabus. So here we are with the IOCL Apprentices Syllabus & Pattern. The applicants who have successfully submitted an application form for IOCL 2018 Vacancy. The Department may conduct the Written Exam in the month of December 2018. Candidates who will be appearing in the Written Exam will have have the test of 85 marks whereas, those who will qualify the Written Exam will be having Interview session for 15 marks. Written Test will consist of Multiple Choice Questions and there will be no negative marking for the wrong answer. The applicants who are going to appear for the exam should check the IOCL Syllabus 2018

IOCL Apprentice Exam Syllabus 2018–  Topics to Study for Indian Oil Exam

IOCL Apprentice Syllabus for Reasoning Ability

  • Similarities and Differences.
  • Problem Solving.
  • Space Visualization.
  • Judgement.
  • Analysis.
  • Visual Memory.
  • Decision Making.
  • Relationship Concepts.
  • Discriminating Observation.
  • Figure Classification.
  • Arithmetical Number Series etc.

Indian Oil Apprentice Syllabus for Numerical Ability

  • Percentages.
  • Averages.
  • Simplification.
  • Problems on Ages.
  • Profit and Loss.
  • Interest.
  • Time & Work.
  • Time & Distance.
  • Boats & Streams.
  • Pipes & Cisterns.
  • Data Interpretation etc.

General Awareness Topics for IOCL Exam Syllabus

  • Sports.
  • Culture.
  • History.
  • Economic Scene.
  • Geography.
  • Indian Constitution.
  • General Polity.
  • Scientific Research.
  • Current Events – International & National etc.

Indian Oil Exam Syllabus for Mechanical

  • The Strength of Materials.
  • Heat Transfer,
  • Machine Design.
  • Theory Of Machines.
  • Refrigeration & Air Conditioning.
  • Fluid Mechanics.
  • Fluid Machinery & Steam Generators.
  • Thermodynamics.
  • Engineering Materials.
  • Industrial Engineering etc.

IOCL Syllabus – Topics for Electrical Engineering

  • Network Analysis.
  • Electrical Instrumentation.
  • Electromagnetic Theory.
  • Switch Gear and Protection.
  • Power Electronics & Drives.
  • Electronics Devices.
  • Control Systems.
  • Analog and Digital Electronics.
  • Electrical Machines.
  • Power System Analysis & Control.
  • Power System Protection.
  • Utilization of Electrical Energy.
  • Power Systems etc.

Topics for Instrumentation Engineering –IOCL Apprentice Syllabus

  • Basics of Circuits and Measurement Systems.
  • Analog Electronics.
  • Control Systems and Process Control.
  • Instrumentation.
  • Digital Electronics.
  • Transducers, Mechanical Measurement, and Industrial Instrumentation.
  • Signal and Systems.
  • Analytical, Optical and Bio-medical Instrumentation.
  • Communications.
  • Electrical and Electronic Measurements.
  • Analytical, Optical, and Biomedical.

Indian Oil Trade Apprentice Syllabus – Topics in Physics

  • Laws of motion.
  • Thermal properties of matter.
  • Units and measurements.
  • Kinetic theory.
  • Gravitation.
  • Work, energy, and power.
  • Wave optics.
  • Oscillations.
  • Physical world.
  • Mechanical properties of solids.
  • Ray optics and optical instruments.
  • Motion in a straight line.
  • Thermodynamics.
  • Motion in a plane.
  • Nuclei.
  • Mechanical properties of fluids.
  • Systems of particles and rotational motion.
  • Electric charges and fields.
  • Moving charges and magnetism.
  • Electromagnetic induction.
  • Electrostatic potential and capacitance.
  • Magnetism and Matter.
  • Current electricity.
  • Alternating current.
  • Dual nature of radiation and matter.
  • Electromagnetic waves.
  • Atoms.
  • Waves.
  • Semiconductor electronics.
  • Communication systems.

Topics for Chemistry – IOCL Syllabus

  • The s – block elements.
  • P-block elements – group 14 (carbon family).
  • Organic chemistry-some basic principles and techniques and hydrocarbons.
  • Solutions.
  • Surface chemistry.
  • Thermodynamics.
  • Chemical equilibrium and acids-bases.
  • Hydrogen and its Compounds.
  • Atomic structure.
  • D and f block elements & coordination compounds.
  • Classification of elements and periodicity in properties.
  • Environmental chemistry.
  • Chemical bonding and molecular structure.
  • Solid state.
  • States of matter: gasses and liquids.
  • Electrochemistry and chemical kinetics.
  • Stoichiometry.
  • General principles of metallurgy.
  • Organic compounds containing c, h and o.
  • P- block elements group 13 (boron family).
  • P-block elements.
  • Biomolecules.
  • Chemistry in everyday life.
  • Haloalkanes and haloarenes.
  • Polymers.
  • Organic compounds containing nitrogen.

IOCL Trade Apprentice Syllabus – Mathematics Topics

  • Number Systems.
  • Computation of Whole Numbers.
  • Decimals and Fractions.
  • Relationship Between Numbers.
  • Fundamental Arithmetical Operations.
  • Percentage.
  • Ratio & Proportion.
  • Profit & Loss.
  • Simple Interest.
  • Average.
  • Discount.
  • Partnership.
  • Time & Work.
  • Time & Distance.
  • Use of Tables and Graphs.
  • Mensuration.

IOCL Apprentice Exam Syllabus – Topics for Chemical

  • Chemical Arithmetic & Atomic Structure.
  • Solutions.
  • Chemical Equilibrium.
  • Chemical Kinetics.
  • Redox Reactions and Electrochemistry.
  • Chemical Thermodynamics.
  • Solid State & States of Matter.
  • Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure.
  • Chemistry of Representative Elements.
  • Surface Chemistry.
  • Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties.
  • Transition Elements Including Lanthanides.
  • Nomenclature and Basic Concepts in Organic Chemistry.
  • Organic Chemistry Based On Function Group-II.
  • Organic Chemistry Based On Functional Group-III.
  • Hydrocarbons.
  • Organic Chemistry Based On Functional Group-I.
  • Co-Ordination Chemistry and Organometallics.
  • Molecules of Life.
  • Polymers

Official Links for IOCL Syllabus 2018

Download the IOCL Apprentice Exam Syllabus 2018 notification pdf
Check the notification Indian Oil Recruitment 2018 pdf
Get Here IOCL JEA Admit Card 2019
Check Here IOCL Exam Result 2018

Conclusion: IOCL Syllabus 2018 is now available on its official website. Applicants whose completely filled application form was successfully submitted to the department will now be appearing for the written test. The participants can now download the IOCL Exam Syllabus 2018 from here.


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Back to top button